Hero TrianglesThe
Background: Hero’s formula for the area of any triangle with sides a, b, c is A = , where s is the semiperimeter 1 (a + b + c) If
a, b,
c and A are all whole
numbers, we call the triangle a Hero
Triangle. We
shall also refer to a rightangled triangle
whose sides are all whole numbers as a Pythagoras
Triangle. Why is it obvious that all Pythagoras triangles are Hero triangles? (Think ‘Area?’) Let’s take the Pythagoras triangles (3,4,5) and (8,15,17), and enlarge the first to (6,8,10). Now we can place them together, using the common height 8 to form two Hero triangles:
which give Hero triangles (10,17,21) and (10,17, 9). Check their areas by the formula and by using the areas of the two Pythagoras triangles. There will of course be isosceles Hero triangles, made from two congruent Pythagoras triangles, such as (5,5,6) and (5,5,8). Again, check their areas by the formula. The Problem : A Produce at least a dozen Hero triangles by this method. You will probably find it helpful to have a list of ‘Pythagoras’ triangles at the ready... Check the Hero’s areas. B Some Hero triangles are given below. Can you split each of them up into the two original Pythagoras triangles that were put together to make them ? Some simple Hero Triangles Isosceles: 5,5,6 5,5,8 17,17,16 17,17,30 25,25,14 65,65,120 Scalene: 13,15,14 13,15,4 10,17,21 10,17,9 13,20,21 17,25,12 29,25,36Open the File as a Word Document

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